@article {8049471,
title = {Mining Context-Aware Association Rules Using Grammar-Based Genetic Programming},
journal = {IEEE Transactions on Cybernetics},
volume = {48},
number = {11},
year = {2018},
month = {Nov},
pages = {3030-3044},
abstract = {Real-world data usually comprise features whose interpretation depends on some contextual information. Such contextual-sensitive features and patterns are of high interest to be discovered and analyzed in order to obtain the right meaning. This paper formulates the problem of mining context-aware association rules, which refers to the search for associations between itemsets such that the strength of their implication depends on a contextual feature. For the discovery of this type of associations, a model that restricts the search space and includes syntax constraints by means of a grammar-based genetic programming methodology is proposed. Grammars can be considered as a useful way of introducing subjective knowledge to the pattern mining process as they are highly related to the background knowledge of the user. The performance and usefulness of the proposed approach is examined by considering synthetically generated datasets. A posteriori analysis on different domains is also carried out to demonstrate the utility of this kind of associations. For example, in educational domains, it is essential to identify and understand contextual and context-sensitive factors that affect overall and individual student behavior and performance. The results of the experiments suggest that the approach is feasible and it automatically identifies interesting context-aware associations from real-world datasets.},
keywords = {Association rules, Computer science, context awareness, context-aware association rules mining, context-sensitive factors, contextual features, contextual information, contextual-sensitive features, data mining, Feature extraction, genetic algorithms, Genetic programming, Grammar, grammar-based genetic programming methodology, grammars, pattern mining process, Proposals, ubiquitous computing},
issn = {2168-2267},
doi = {10.1109/TCYB.2017.2750919},
author = {J. M. Luna and M. Pechenizkiy and M. J. del Jesus and S. Ventura}
}
@conference {6622420,
title = {Engine Health Monitoring for engine fleets using fuzzy radviz},
booktitle = {2013 IEEE International Conference on Fuzzy Systems (FUZZ-IEEE)},
year = {2013},
month = {July},
pages = {1-8},
abstract = {A new algorithm for assessment of Engine Health Monitoring (EHM) data in aircraft is proposed. The diagnostic tool quantifies step changes, shifts and trends in EHM data by means of a transformation that aggregates concurrent readings of EHM data into a single fuzzy state. A Genetic Fuzzy System is used to detect the occurance of a specific trend of interest in the sequence of states. The activation of the rules is represented in a 2D map by means of an extension of the Radviz visualization algorithm to fuzzy data.},
keywords = {2D map, aerospace engineering, aerospace engines, aircraft, Bandwidth, condition monitoring, data visualisation, diagnostic tool, EHM data, engine fleets, engine health monitoring, Engines, fault diagnosis, fuzzy data, fuzzy Radviz, fuzzy set theory, genetic algorithms, genetic fuzzy system, Genetic Fuzzy Systems, Low Quality Data, Maintenance engineering, Market research, mechanical engineering computing, Monitoring, Radviz visualization algorithm, rule activation, single fuzzy state, states sequence, Temperature measurement, Turbines},
issn = {1098-7584},
doi = {10.1109/FUZZ-IEEE.2013.6622420},
author = {A. Mart{\'\i}nez and L. S{\'a}nchez and I. Couso}
}
@conference {6007647,
title = {Using the Adaboost algorithm for extracting fuzzy rules from low quality data: Some preliminary results},
booktitle = {2011 IEEE International Conference on Fuzzy Systems (FUZZ-IEEE 2011)},
year = {2011},
month = {June},
pages = {1263-1270},
abstract = {When the Adaboost algorithm is used for extracting fuzzy rules from data, each rule is regarded as a weak learner, and knowledge bases as assimilated to ensembles. In this paper we propose an extension of this framework for obtaining fuzzy rule-based classifiers from imprecise data. In the new approach, the mentioned search of the best rule at each iteration is carried out by a genetic algorithm with a fuzzy fitness function. The instances will be assigned fuzzy weights, however each fuzzy rule will be associated to a crisp number of votes.},
keywords = {Adaboost algorithm, Boosting, data handling, Electronic mail, fuzzy fitness function, fuzzy rule extraction, fuzzy rule-based classifiers, fuzzy set theory, Fuzzy systems, fuzzy weights, genetic algorithm, genetic algorithms, Genetic Fuzzy Systems, knowledge based systems, knowledge bases, learning (artificial intelligence), Low Quality Data, Merging, Optimization, pattern classification, Training},
issn = {1098-7584},
doi = {10.1109/FUZZY.2011.6007647},
author = {A. M. Palacios and L. S{\'a}nchez and I. Couso}
}
@conference {5454152,
title = {Introducing a genetic fuzzy linguistic combination method for bagging fuzzy rule-based multiclassification systems},
booktitle = {2010 4th International Workshop on Genetic and Evolutionary Fuzzy Systems (GEFS)},
year = {2010},
month = {March},
pages = {75-80},
abstract = {Many different fuzzy aggregation operators have been successfully used to combine the outputs provided by the individual classifiers in a multiclassification system. However, up to our knowledge, the use of fuzzy combination methods composed of a fuzzy system is less extended. By using a fuzzy linguistic rule-based classification system as a combination method, the resulting classifier ensemble would show a hierarchical structure and the operation of the latter component would be transparent to the user. Moreover, for the specific case of fuzzy multiclassification systems, the new approach could also become a smart way to allow fuzzy classifiers to deal with high dimensional problems avoiding the curse of dimensionality. The present contribution establishes the first basis in this direction by introducing a genetic fuzzy system-based framework to build the fuzzy linguistic combination method for a bagging fuzzy multiclassification system.},
keywords = {Bagging, bagging fuzzy multiclassification system, Classification tree analysis, classifier ensemble, Computer science, Decision trees, fuzzy aggregation operators, fuzzy linguistic combination methods, fuzzy linguistic rule-based system, Fuzzy reasoning, fuzzy set theory, Fuzzy systems, genetic algorithms, genetic fuzzy-based system, Genetics, knowledge based systems, learning (artificial intelligence), machine learning, Neural networks, pattern classification},
doi = {10.1109/GEFS.2010.5454152},
author = {L. S{\'a}nchez and O. Cord{\'o}n and A. Quirin and K. Trawinski}
}
@conference {5584797,
title = {Preprocessing vague imbalanced datasets and its use in genetic fuzzy classifiers},
booktitle = {International Conference on Fuzzy Systems},
year = {2010},
month = {July},
pages = {1-8},
abstract = {When there is a substantial difference between the number of cases of the majority and minority classes, minimum error-based classification systems tend to overlook these last instances. This can be corrected either by preprocessing the dataset or by altering the objective function of the classifier. In this paper we analyze the first approach, in the context of genetic fuzzy systems (GFS), and in particular of those that can operate with imprecisely observed and low quality data. We will analyze the different preprocessing mechanisms of imbalanced datasets and will show the necessity of extending these for solving those problems where the data is both imprecise and im-balanced. In addition, we include a comprehensive description of a new algorithm, able to preprocess imprecise imbalanced datasets. Several real-world datasets are used to evaluate the proposal.},
keywords = {Classification algorithms, Context, data handling, Euclidean distance, fuzzy set theory, Fuzzy systems, genetic algorithms, genetic fuzzy classifier, genetic fuzzy system, Genetics, imbalanced dataset preprocessing, minimum error based classification system, Nearest neighbor searches, objective function, pattern classification, Pediatrics, Training},
issn = {1098-7584},
doi = {10.1109/FUZZY.2010.5584797},
author = {A. M. Palacios and L. S{\'a}nchez and I. Couso}
}
@conference {4484560,
title = {A first study on bagging fuzzy rule-based classification systems with multicriteria genetic selection of the component classifiers},
booktitle = {2008 3rd International Workshop on Genetic and Evolving Systems},
year = {2008},
month = {March},
pages = {11-16},
keywords = {Bagging, bagging fuzzy rule-based classification system, Boosting, component classifier, Design methodology, evolutionary computation, fuzzy set theory, Fuzzy systems, genetic algorithms, heuristic fuzzy classification rule generation method, Humans, knowledge based systems, learning (artificial intelligence), machine learning, multicriteria genetic algorithm, pattern classification, Proposals, Scalability},
doi = {10.1109/GEFS.2008.4484560},
author = {O. Cord{\'o}n and A. Quirin and L. S{\'a}nchez}
}
@conference {4626756,
title = {An Study on Data Mining Methods for Short-Term Forecasting of the Extra Virgin Olive Oil Price in the Spanish Market},
booktitle = {2008 Eighth International Conference on Hybrid Intelligent Systems},
year = {2008},
month = {Sep.},
pages = {943-946},
abstract = {This paper presents the adaptation of an evolutionary cooperative competitive RBFN learning algorithm, CO2RBFN, for short-term forecasting of extra virgin olive oil price. The olive oil time series has been analyzed with a new evolutionary proposal for the design of RBFNs, CO2RBFN. Results obtained has been compared with ARIMA models and other data mining methods such as a fuzzy system developed with a GA-P algorithm, a multilayer perceptron trained with a conjugate gradient algorithm and a radial basis function network trained with a LMS algorithm. The experimentation shows the high efficacy reached for the applied methods, specially for data mining methods which have slightly outperformed ARIMA methodology.},
keywords = {Algorithm design and analysis, ARIMA, ARIMA models, Artificial neural networks, autoregressive moving average processes, CO2RBFN, conjugate gradient algorithm, conjugate gradient methods, data mining, data mining methods, evolutionary cooperative competitive, extra virgin olive oil price, Forecasting, fuzzy system, Fuzzy systems, GA-P algorithm, genetic algorithms, least mean squares methods, LMS algorithm, multilayer perceptron, multilayer perceptrons, Olive Oil Price, olive oil time series, Petroleum, pricing, radial basis function network, radial basis function networks, RBFN learning algorithm, short-term forecasting, Spanish market, time series, Time series analysis, time series forecasting, Training, vegetable oils},
doi = {10.1109/HIS.2008.132},
author = {P. P{\'e}rez and M. P. Fr{\'\i}as and M.D. P{\'e}rez-Godoy and A.J. Rivera-Rivas and M. J. d. Jesus and M. Parras and F. J. Torres}
}
@conference {4626687,
title = {On the Use of Bagging, Mutual Information-Based Feature Selection and Multicriteria Genetic Algorithms to Design Fuzzy Rule-Based Classification Ensembles},
booktitle = {2008 Eighth International Conference on Hybrid Intelligent Systems},
year = {2008},
month = {Sep.},
pages = {549-554},
abstract = {In this contribution we explore the combination of bagging with random subspace and two variants of Battiti{\textquoteright}s mutual information feature selection methods to design fuzzy rule-based classification system ensembles. Besides, we consider a multicriteria genetic algorithm guided by the training error to select the component classifiers, in order to look for appropriate accuracy-complexity trade-offs in the final multiclassifier.},
keywords = {Bagging, classification, Classification algorithms, fuzzy rule-based classification ensembles, fuzzy set theory, Gallium, genetic algorithms, Glass, multicriteria genetic algorithms, mutual information-based feature selection, Sonar, Training, Vehicles},
doi = {10.1109/HIS.2008.147},
author = {O. Cord{\'o}n and A. Quirin and L. S{\'a}nchez}
}
@article {4286977,
title = {Advocating the Use of Imprecisely Observed Data in Genetic Fuzzy Systems},
journal = {IEEE Transactions on Fuzzy Systems},
volume = {15},
number = {4},
year = {2007},
month = {Aug},
pages = {551-562},
abstract = {In our opinion, and in accordance with current literature, the precise contribution of genetic fuzzy systems to the corpus of the machine learning theory has not been clearly stated yet. In particular, we question the existence of a set of problems for which the use of fuzzy rules, in combination with genetic algorithms, produces more robust models, or classifiers that are inherently better than those arising from the Bayesian point of view. We will show that this set of problems actually exists, and comprises interval and fuzzy valued datasets, but it is not being exploited. Current genetic fuzzy classifiers deal with crisp classification problems, where the role of fuzzy sets is reduced to give a parametric definition of a set of discriminant functions, with a convenient linguistic interpretation. Provided that the customary use of fuzzy sets in statistics is vague data, we propose to test genetic fuzzy classifiers over imprecisely measured data and design experiments well suited to these problems. The same can be said about genetic fuzzy models: the use of a scalar fitness function assumes crisp data, where fuzzy models, a priori, do not have advantages over statistical regression.},
keywords = {Bayesian methods, data handling, Design for experiments, discriminant function, fuzzy fitness function, fuzzy rule-based classifiers, fuzzy rule-based models, fuzzy rules, fuzzy set theory, Fuzzy sets, Fuzzy systems, genetic algorithm, genetic algorithms, genetic fuzzy classifiers, Genetic Fuzzy Systems, learning (artificial intelligence), linguistic interpretation, machine learning, machine learning theory, Parametric statistics, pattern classification, Robustness, scalar fitness function, statistical analysis, Stochastic resonance, vague data},
issn = {1063-6706},
doi = {10.1109/TFUZZ.2007.895942},
author = {L. S{\'a}nchez and I. Couso}
}
@conference {4295659,
title = {Learning Fuzzy Linguistic Models from Low Quality Data by Genetic Algorithms},
booktitle = {2007 IEEE International Fuzzy Systems Conference},
year = {2007},
month = {July},
pages = {1-6},
abstract = {Incremental rule base learning techniques can be used to learn models and classifiers from interval or fuzzy-valued data. These algorithms are efficient when the observation error is small. This paper is about datasets with medium to high discrepancies between the observed and the actual values of the variables, such as those containing missing values and coarsely discretized data. We will show that the quality of the iterative learning degrades in this kind of problems, and that it does not make full use of all the available information. As an alternative, we propose a new implementation of a mutiobjective Michigan-like algorithm, where each individual in the population codifies one rule and the individuals in the Pareto front form the knowledge base.},
keywords = {Degradation, Fuzzy sets, Fuzzy systems, genetic algorithms, Global Positioning System, incremental rule base learning techniques, Iterative algorithms, iterative learning degrades, knowledge based systems, learning (artificial intelligence), learning fuzzy linguistic models, Low Quality Data, Noise measurement, Pareto front form, Pareto optimisation, Position measurement, Stochastic resonance, Uncertainty},
issn = {1098-7584},
doi = {10.1109/FUZZY.2007.4295659},
author = {L. S{\'a}nchez and J. Otero}
}
@conference {4222979,
title = {Modeling Vague Data with Genetic Fuzzy Systems under a Combination of Crisp and Imprecise Criteria},
booktitle = {2007 IEEE Symposium on Computational Intelligence in Multi-Criteria Decision-Making},
year = {2007},
month = {April},
pages = {30-37},
abstract = {Multicriteria genetic algorithms can produce fuzzy models with a good balance between their precision and their complexity. The accuracy of a model is usually measured by the mean squared error of its residual. When vague training data is used, the residual becomes a fuzzy number, and it is needed to optimize a combination of crisp and fuzzy objectives in order to learn balanced models. In this paper, we will extend the NSGA-II algorithm to this last case, and test it over a practical problem of causal modeling in marketing. Different setups of this algorithm are compared, and it is shown that the algorithm proposed here is able to improve the generalization properties of those models obtained from the defuzzified training data.},
keywords = {Additive noise, combination, Computer science, crisp objectives, defuzzified training data, fuzzy logic, fuzzy models, fuzzy objectives, Fuzzy systems, generalisation (artificial intelligence), generalization, genetic algorithms, Genetic Fuzzy Systems, Global Positioning System, mean squared error, multicriteria genetic algorithms, Noise measurement, NSGA-II algorithm, Position measurement, Probability distribution, Stochastic resonance, Training data, vague data modeling},
doi = {10.1109/MCDM.2007.369413},
author = {L. S{\'a}nchez and I. Couso and J. Casillas}
}
@conference {4295638,
title = {Niching genetic feature selection algorithms applied to the design of fuzzy rule-based classification systems},
booktitle = {2007 IEEE International Fuzzy Systems Conference},
year = {2007},
month = {July},
pages = {1-6},
abstract = {In the design of fuzzy rule-based classification systems (FRBCSs) a feature selection process which determines the most relevant features is a crucial component in the majority of the classification problems. This simplification process increases the efficiency of the design process, improves the interpretability of the FRBCS obtained and its generalization capacity. Most of the feature selection algorithms provide a set of variables which are adequate for the induction process according to different quality measures. Nevertheless it can be useful for the induction process to determine not only a set of variables but also different set of variables. These sets of variables can be used for the design of a set of FRBCSs which can be combined in a multiclassifler system, improving the prediction capacity increasing its description capacity. In this work, different proposals of niching genetic algorithms for the feature selection process are analyzed. The different sets of features provided by them are used in a multiclassifier system designed by means of a genetic proposal. The experimentation shows the adaptation of this type of genetic algorithms to the FRBCS design.},
keywords = {Algorithm design and analysis, classification, data mining, Databases, description capacity, Feature extraction, feature selection algorithms, Fuzzy reasoning, fuzzy rule-based classification systems, fuzzy set theory, Fuzzy sets, Fuzzy systems, genetic algorithms, induction process, Knowledge representation, multiclassifler system, niching genetic algorithms, prediction capacity, Process design, Proposals},
issn = {1098-7584},
doi = {10.1109/FUZZY.2007.4295638},
author = {Jos{\'e} Aguilera and M. Chica and M. J. del Jesus and F. Herrera}
}
@conference {4016720,
title = {A Multiobjective Genetic Fuzzy System with Imprecise Probability Fitness for Vague Data},
booktitle = {2006 International Symposium on Evolving Fuzzy Systems},
year = {2006},
month = {Sep.},
pages = {131-136},
abstract = {When questionnaires are designed, each factor under study can be assigned a set of different items. The answers to these questions must be merged in order to obtain the level of that input. Therefore, it is typical for data acquired from questionnaires that each of the inputs and outputs are not numbers, but sets of values. In this paper, we represent the information contained in such a set of values by means of a fuzzy number. A fuzzy statistics-based interpretation of the semantic of a fuzzy set is used for this purpose, as we consider that this fuzzy number is a nested family of confidence intervals for the value of the variable. The accuracy of the model is expressed by means of an interval-valued function, derived from a definition of the variance of a fuzzy random variable. A multicriteria genetic learning algorithm, able to optimize this interval-valued function, is proposed. As an example of the application of this algorithm, a practical problem of modeling in marketing is solved},
keywords = {Computer errors, Computer science, Consumer behavior, fuzzy random variable variance, fuzzy set, fuzzy set theory, Fuzzy sets, fuzzy statistics-based interpretation, Fuzzy systems, genetic algorithms, Genetics, imprecise probability fitness, interval-valued function, learning (artificial intelligence), multicriteria genetic learning algorithm, multiobjective genetic fuzzy system, probability, Random variables, Statistics, vague data},
doi = {10.1109/ISEFS.2006.251156},
author = {L. S{\'a}nchez and I. Couso and J. Casillas}
}
@conference {1681710,
title = {Knowledge Extraction from Fuzzy Data for Estimating Consumer Behavior Models},
booktitle = {2006 IEEE International Conference on Fuzzy Systems},
year = {2006},
month = {July},
pages = {164-170},
abstract = {For certain problems of casual modeling in marketing, the information is obtained by means of questionnaires. When these questionnaires include more than one item for each observable variable, the value of this variable can not be assigned a number, but a potentially scattered set of values. In this paper, we propose to represent the information contained in this set of values by means of a fuzzy number. A novel fuzzy statistics-based interpretation of the semantic of a fuzzy set will be used for this purpose, as we will consider that this fuzzy number is a nested family of confidence intervals for a central tendency measure of the value of the variable. A genetic learning algorithm, able to extract association fuzzy rules from this data, is also proposed. The accuracy of the model will be expressed by means of a fuzzy-valued function. We propose to jointly minimize this function and the complexity of the rule based model with multicriteria genetic algorithms, that in turn will depend on a fuzzy ranking-based ordering of individuals.},
keywords = {Artificial intelligence, association fuzzy rule extraction, casual modeling, Computer science, Computer science education, Consumer behavior, consumer behavior model, consumer behaviour, data mining, fuzzy data, fuzzy logic, fuzzy number, fuzzy ranking, fuzzy set theory, Fuzzy sets, fuzzy statistics, genetic algorithms, knowledge extraction, learning (artificial intelligence), learning algorithm, marketing data processing, multicriteria genetic algorithm, Scattering, semantic interpretation, statistical analysis},
issn = {1098-7584},
doi = {10.1109/FUZZY.2006.1681710},
author = {J. Casillas and L. S{\'a}nchez}
}
@conference {943781,
title = {A fast genetic method for inducting linguistically understandable fuzzy models},
booktitle = {Proceedings Joint 9th IFSA World Congress and 20th NAFIPS International Conference (Cat. No. 01TH8569)},
volume = {3},
year = {2001},
month = {July},
pages = {1559-1563 vol.3},
abstract = {Fuzzy rule bases can be regarded as mixtures of experts, and boosting techniques can be applied to learn them from data. In particular, provided that adequate reasoning methods are used, fuzzy models are extended additive models, thus backfitting can be applied to them. We propose to use an implementation of backfitting that uses a genetic algorithm for fitting submodels to residuals and we also show that it is both more accurate and faster than other fuzzy rule learning methods.},
keywords = {Artificial intelligence, backfitting, boosting techniques, computational linguistics, extended additive models, fast genetic method, fuzzy logic, fuzzy models, Fuzzy reasoning, fuzzy rule bases, fuzzy rule learning methods, fuzzy set theory, Fuzzy sets, genetic algorithm, genetic algorithms, inference mechanisms, learning (artificial intelligence), Learning systems, linguistically understandable fuzzy model induction, mixtures of experts, reasoning methods, residuals, submodel fitting, Training data, uncertainty handling},
doi = {10.1109/NAFIPS.2001.943781},
author = {L. S{\'a}nchez}
}
@article {SANCHEZ2001175,
title = {Combining GP operators with SA search to evolve fuzzy rule based classifiers},
journal = {Information Sciences},
volume = {136},
number = {1},
year = {2001},
note = {Recent Advances in Genetic Fuzzy Systems},
pages = {175 - 191},
abstract = {The genotype{\textendash}phenotype encoding of fuzzy rule bases in GA, along with their corresponding crossover and mutation operators, can be used by other search schemes, improving the behavior of these last ones. As a practical consequence of this, a simulated annealing-based method for inducting both parameters and structure of a fuzzy classifier has been developed. The adjacency operator in SA has been replaced with a macromutation taken from tree-shaped genotype GAs. We will show that results of SA search are similar to those of GP in both the efficiency of the learned classifiers and in its linguistic interpretability, while the memory consumption of the learning process is lower.},
keywords = {Fuzzy classification, genetic algorithms, Genetic programming, Simulated annealing},
issn = {0020-0255},
doi = {https://doi.org/10.1016/S0020-0255(01)00146-3},
url = {http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0020025501001463},
author = {Luciano S{\'a}nchez and In{\'e}s Couso and J.A. Corrales}
}
@conference {943783,
title = {Genetic tuning of fuzzy rule-based systems integrating linguistic hedges},
booktitle = {Proceedings Joint 9th IFSA World Congress and 20th NAFIPS International Conference (Cat. No. 01TH8569)},
volume = {3},
year = {2001},
month = {July},
pages = {1570-1574 vol.3},
abstract = {Tuning fuzzy rule-based systems for linguistic modeling is an interesting and widely developed task. It involves adjusting the membership functions composing the knowledge base. To do that, changing the parameters defining each membership function as using linguistic hedges to slightly modify them may be considered. This paper introduces a genetic tuning process for jointly making these two tuning approaches. The experimental results show that our method obtains accurate linguistic models in both approximation and generalization aspects.},
keywords = {Computer science, experimental results, fuzzy logic, Fuzzy rule-based systems, Fuzzy sets, Fuzzy systems, generalisation (artificial intelligence), generalization, genetic algorithms, genetic tuning process, knowledge base, knowledge based systems, linguistic hedges, linguistic modeling, membership functions, Proposals, Shape, Takagi-Sugeno model, Timing, uncertainty handling},
doi = {10.1109/NAFIPS.2001.943783},
author = {J. Casillas and O. Cord{\'o}n and F. Herrera and M. J. del Jesus}
}
@article {843495,
title = {Interval-valued GA-P algorithms},
journal = {IEEE Transactions on Evolutionary Computation},
volume = {4},
number = {1},
year = {2000},
month = {April},
pages = {64-72},
abstract = {When genetic programming (GP) methods are applied to solve symbolic regression problems, we obtain a point estimate of a variable, but it is not easy to calculate an associated confidence interval. We designed an interval arithmetic-based model that solves this problem. Our model extends a hybrid technique, the GA-P method, that combines genetic algorithms and genetic programming. Models based on interval GA-P can devise an interval model from examples and provide the algebraic expression that best approximates the data. The method is useful for generating a confidence interval for the output of a model, and also for obtaining a robust point estimate from data which we know to contain outliers. The algorithm was applied to a real problem related to electrical energy distribution. Classical methods were applied first, and then the interval GA-P. The results of both studies are used to compare interval GA-P with GP, GA-P, classical regression methods, neural networks, and fuzzy models.},
keywords = {Arithmetic, Computer science, confidence interval, electrical energy distribution, Fuzzy neural networks, Fuzzy systems, genetic algorithms, Genetic programming, Neural networks, point estimate, Robustness, statistical analysis, symbol manipulation, symbolic regression},
issn = {1089-778X},
doi = {10.1109/4235.843495},
author = {L. S{\'a}nchez}
}